The Mandela Effect: Four Seats or Six Seats?

Mandela Effect

Are you new to the phenomenon known as the Mandela Effect? 

Although my research uncovered many definitions, including time travel and alien visitors, two explanations are prominent.

1. The Mandela Effect is a phenomenon where a large number of people remember something that actually never happened – seemingly sharing false memories of past events – a failure of collective memory.

2. The Mandela Effect is the term given to memories from an alternate reality, or timeline, that thousands of people remember. In this new reality, TODAY’S past is different from their timeline’s past.  The members of this group are discovering things (logos, movie lines, events, for example) that they adamantly have changed.  Under this explanation, both memories are valid.

TODAY’S TOPIC:  The JFK limo, Dal...

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Miss McCulla’s Essay Writing Guidebook–Part 1

Essay Writing 1Any writing guidebook Part 1 will offer you scores of general suggestions about writing your essays. I’ve honed the list down.  Students, here are the most valuable:

 1.  ECONOMIZE.

Don’t use a long, academic-sounding word when a short, concise one will do.  Hear every sentence, and make sure each one sounds like YOU.  Don’t try to show off.

If you are afraid that short, simple words will make your writing sound immature, consider these most memorable statements:

Ask not what your country can do for you; ask what you can do for your country.  —John F. Kennedy

Government to the people, by the people, for the people shall not perish from this earth.   —Abraham Lincoln

That’s one small step for man, one giant leap for mankind.   —Neil Armstrong

As for me, give me liberty o...

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What Is the Mandela Effect?

The Mandela Effect is a phenomenon where a large number of people remember past well-known events, objects, dialogue, or texts differently.  One side believes that the way these things are presented today are exactly the way they have always been.  The other side is vehemently adamant that some present-day realities have changed from the past.  See the image on the left.  Which do you remember?  Would it surprise you to learn that thousands of people are just as sure that the opposite is true?

Explanations vary.  The first side dismisses “alternate” memories as simply mistakes in memories of things that never happened – seemingly many people sharing false memories of past events.  Psychologists actually call these “false memories...

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McCulla’s Spelling Lesson: I before E

I before E

                      I before E

 I BEFORE E  Grammar rules clarify the spoken language.  A language is spoken.  Historically, we see that people spoke to each other centuries before the invention of writing occurred.  Letters and symbols are simply instruments we use to record the spoken word.  A standard written language represents the rules a group of people have agreed upon to avoid misunderstandings.                               [Imagine each player in a football game following his/her own rules!]         –Miss McCulla                                                                                 

Grammar rule:  i before e, except after c

Simple rule, works most of the time on common words...

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Word Choice Lesson: Affect or Effect

      Affect Effect

 Affect / Effect  Grammar rules clarify the spoken language.  A language is spoken.  Historically, we see that people spoke to each other centuries before the invention of writing occurred.  Letters and symbols are simply instruments we use to record the spoken word.  A standard written language represents the rules a group of people have agreed upon to avoid misunderstandings.          [Imagine each player in a football game following                              his/her own rules!]         –-Miss McCulla

Grammar rule:  AFFECT is a VERBEFFECT is a NOUN!

                                       Simple rule that works 99% of the time.

The beautiful writing in this book affects everyone who reads it...

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Punctuation Lesson: Quotation Marks

Quotation marks are primarily used to indicate someone’s exact words.  Three of the most common uses of quotation marks:   Writers are often tempted to insert a comma wherever speakers pause when reading a sentence aloud. That is not reliable.                    88888888888888888888888888888888888888888888888888888888888888888888     A language is spoken.  Historically, we see that people spoke to each other centuries before the invention of writing occurred.  Letters and symbols are simply instruments we use to record the spoken word.  A standard written language represents the rules a group of people has agreed upon to avoid misunderstandings.          [Imagine each player in a football game following his/her own rules!]         –Miss McCulla

What Are Quotatio...

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Word Choice Lesson: Its or It’s

Its or It's

Its or It’s

Grammar rules, including its and it’s, clarify the spoken language.  A language is spoken.  Historically, we see that people spoke to each other centuries before the invention of writing occurred.  Letters and symbols are simply instruments we use to record the spoken word.  A standard written language represents the rules a group of people have agreed upon to avoid misunderstandings.          [Imagine each player in a football game following his/her own rules!]         –Miss McCulla

OKAY, Students, this one is a NO Brainer!  There is NO EXCEPTION to this rule!

 grammar   &    punctuation

I’m not sure why this word choice, or perhaps spelling choice,  is too hard to remember.  We use these words all the time...

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Book Review – A Thousand Splendid Suns by Khaled Hosseini

Khaled Hosseini

Khaled Hosseini

Khaled Hosseini writes with power and surety, producing another best seller with A Thousand Splendid Suns. This is his second novel, following close upon the heels of The Kite Runner, and like the earlier book deals with the troubled history and people of Afghanistan.

Two women, Mariam and Laila, a generation apart, are thrown together under painful circumstances. (What in this country isn’t painful, especially for its women?) Tyrannized by those who hold dominion over them, the two women eventually find common cause and unite to face their enemies.  [The personal insert is effective in an Information Essay. –Miss McCulla]

Khaled Hosseini

Mariam, the illegitimate daughter of a prosperous businessman, is married off to Rasheed, a Kabul shoemaker. She is only 15...

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Biography – Science Fiction of Arthur C. Clarke

Science Fiction

                                    Science Fiction

The name Arthur C. Clarke is known throughout the world as one of the most proficient science fiction writers. Born in 1917, he lived a full life full of adventure until he passed away in 2008, at the age of 90. He was the author or over 100 fiction and non-fiction books regarding outer space and ‘possible futures.’

For students:  Short Biographies or Profiles make perfect subjects for Informative Essays.  Same rhetorical style.  (A book report is also an Informative assignment.)  CAUTION:  It is easy to slip into plagiarism in these papers.  An essay should not read as a Wikipedia entry!  Add your personality through your tone (casual and personal)...

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Even Famous Authors Got Rejections

Writers who keep sending their work out will eventually be published!  “Among the rejections I’ve received, my favorite was from a science fiction anthology: a full-page drawing of a dragon dabbing at his eyes with a Kleenex as its tears flowed down. It was much funnier than these meager words can describe.      I once showed it to a friend, also a science fiction writer, who doesn’t find rejections quite as amusing. It’s a matter of attitude; I couldn’t do anything about the rejection, and it was a change of pace from the usual, uninspired form letter.”

If you have trouble staying motivated in the face of an expanding file of rejections, perhaps this list of comments some now-famous writers received about their work will help.

* Crash by J.G. Ballard:    “The author of this book is...

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